The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked country located in the center of South America. It borders Bolivia and Brazil to the north, Brazil and Argentina to the east, Argentina to the south, and Argentina and Bolivia to the west. However, it has a privileged geographical position due to the confluence of the main river system that is part of the Rio de la Plata Basin.
Paraguay has a population of 7.15 million which is almost equivalent to that of Switzerland. The Paraguay River crosses the country from north to south and divides it into two natural parts: the Western Region (Chaco) in the west, which occupies about 60% of the country’s surface area, and the Eastern Region, where more than 97% of the population lives.
The official languages are Spanish and Guarani, making it one of the few bilingual countries in the Americas. Most Paraguayans speak or understand both languages, and Guaraní is predominant in rural areas.